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为什么要用沼气脱硫设备脱硫及脱硫方法?

时间:2021-08-02
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随着市场不断的经济发展和能源建设,都有益的推动了沼气工程的建设,经过研究人员不断的研究,对于如何除去沼气中的H2S的工艺也越来越多,逐步研发一批造价低、运费低,安心靠谱、自动化水平高的,具有自主常识产权的沼气脱硫工艺及成套设备。
With the continuous economic development and energy construction of the market, the construction of biogas project has been effectively promoted. Through the continuous research of researchers, there are more and more processes on how to remove H2S from biogas, and gradually develop a number of biogas desulfurization processes and complete sets of equipment with independent intellectual property rights with low cost, low freight, reliable and high automation level.
1.沼气会产生硫化氢,硫化氢具有较强的毒性,空气中浓度为14.mg/m3(标)时,会引起结膜发炎和角膜发炎,当浓度大约为280mg/m3(标)时会造成昏迷,呼吸困难乃至死亡。
1. Biogas will produce hydrogen sulfide, which is highly toxic. When the concentration in the air is 14.mg/m3 (standard), it will cause conjunctival inflammation and corneal inflammation. When the concentration is about 280mg / m3 (standard), it will cause coma, dyspnea and even death.
2.硫化氢燃烧生成的二氧化硫,遇水生成硫酸分子,腐蚀周围的设备,污染环境,接触到金属,格外是有色金属就会发生腐蚀。
2. Sulfur dioxide generated by hydrogen sulfide combustion will generate sulfuric acid molecules in contact with water, corrode the surrounding equipment, pollute the environment, and corrode in contact with metals, especially non-ferrous metals.
3.脱硫方法 现行的沼气脱硫方式按照理化性质,大致可以分别采用物理、化学和生物三种方法。而沼气脱硫设备直接脱硫方法按照原理的不同又可分为湿式法和干式法。以下就着重先容湿式法、干式法。
3. Desulfurization methods: according to the physical and chemical properties, the current biogas desulfurization methods can adopt physical, chemical and biological methods respectively. The direct desulfurization method of biogas desulfurization equipment can be divided into wet method and dry method according to different principles. The following focuses on wet method and dry method.
沼气脱硫设备干法脱硫技能是一种利用氧气将H2S气体氧化为单质硫或硫氧化物的沼气脱硫方式,其常用的方法为氧化铁干式脱硫法、活炭法、膜分离法等,适宜于 H2S浓度较低的气体,因其结构简单、脱硫技能成熟而在工业上获得较广应用。
Dry desulfurization technology of biogas desulfurization equipment is a biogas desulfurization method that uses oxygen to oxidize H2S gas into elemental sulfur or sulfur oxide. Its common methods are iron oxide dry desulfurization method, activated carbon method, membrane separation method, etc. it is suitable for gases with low H2S concentration. It is widely used in industry because of its simple structure and mature desulfurization technology.
沼气脱硫设备湿法脱硫技能是利用额定的溶剂和气体逆流接触脱除硫化氢,溶剂经回生后吸取再利用的脱硫方法。其常用方法有碱性溶液吸取法、ADA法、HPAS氧化—空气回生法。适宜解决气量大、H2S 浓度高的气体 。 湿法脱硫技能工艺流程简单 、操作连续、脱硫效率高,并且可以直接获得元素硫,现也在工业上获得了一些应用。
Wet desulfurization technology of biogas desulfurization equipment is a desulfurization method that uses rated solvent and gas countercurrent contact to remove hydrogen sulfide, and the solvent is absorbed and reused after regeneration. The common methods are alkaline solution absorption method, ADA method and HPAs oxidation air regeneration method. It is suitable for solving the gas with large gas volume and high H2S} concentration. Wet desulfurization technology has the advantages of simple process flow, continuous operation, high desulfurization efficiency, and can directly obtain elemental sulfur. Now it has also been applied in industry.

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